ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year : 2016  |  Volume : 18  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 6-11

Sociodemographic correlates of substance use among long distance commercial vehicle drivers


Department of Psychiatry, Bingham University and Bingham University Teaching Hospital, Jos, Plateau State, Nigeria

Correspondence Address:
Christopher Izehinosen Okpataku
Department of Psychiatry, Bingham University and Bingham University Teaching Hospital, Jos, Plateau State
Nigeria
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/2276-7096.176053

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Background: Psychoactive substance use by vehicle drivers is a global problem. The identification of factors associated with their use among long-distance commercial drivers will provide information valuable to the interventions aimed at the control of this pattern of behavior. Objective: To determine the sociodemographic factors associated with the use of psychoactive substances among long distance commercial vehicle drivers in Kaduna, a city in Northwest Nigeria. Materials and Methods: Long distance drivers from selected motor parks in Kaduna metropolis were recruited. They were interviewed using a sociodemographic and a brief drug use questionnaire, two screening instruments which included the Alcohol Use Disorder Identification Test and the Drug Abuse Screening Test. Results: All 274 subjects were males, with a mean age of 43.4 ± 10.2 years. 94.9% of the subjects were married, 78.5% of them were Muslims, and 67.5% had received a formal education of at least primary school level. Younger drivers were more likely to use cannabis, P < 0.0001, and tobacco P < 0.028, while those who had no spouse used more cannabis. A significant proportion of alcohol users was Christians with formal education, while Muslims were more likely to use cannabis and caffeinated substances. Significant predictors of alcohol use were being a Christian, odds ratio (OR) = 30.6, P < 0.0001 and above 45 years of age, OR = 3.3, P = 0.007, while significant predictors of cannabis use were not having a spouse, OR = 6.6, P = 0.004, and below 45 years of age, OR = 5.5, P = 0.03. Conclusion: Sociodemographic factors influence substance use among long distance drivers, and these characteristics can be explored as the focus in directing drug use control intervention.


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