Year : 2015  |  Volume : 17  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 60-64

Review of 5 year mortality trend at federal medical center, Umuahia Nigeria using the global burden of disease classification

1 Department of Medicine, Federal Medical Centre, Umuahia, Nigeria
2 Department of Medicine, Federal Medical Centre, Umuahia; Department of Medicine, Cardiology Unit, University of Calabar Teaching Hospital, Calabar, Nigeria
3 Department of Ophthalmology, Federal Medical Centre, Umuahia, Abia State, Nigeria

Correspondence Address:
Kelechukwu Uwanuruochi
Department of Medicine, Federal Medical Centre, Umuahia, PMB 7001
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/2276-7096.162272

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Background: There have been few systematic studies of the causes of death in Nigeria. However, the causes of death as well as the average age at death are important statistics in the public health policy formulation. The global burden of disease (GBD) classification is very useful in describing relative etiologies of mortality, as well as the epidemiologic transition. Objective: The aim of this study was to describe the causes of mortality in the Federal Medical Centre, Umuahia with respect to causes, gender, age at death, and duration of hospital stay using the GBD classification. Methods: We retrospectively reviewed records of mortalities seen between February 2003 and December 2008 at the Federal Medical Centre, Umuahia using the deaths register at our records department. Results: There were 3444 cases of mortality over the period, comprising 58.2% males and 41.4% females. Mean age at death was 40.92 ± 26.12 years communicable, maternal, neonatal, and nutritional disorders comprised 39.91%, noncommunicable diseases made up 48.76%, while Injuries comprised 11.33%. Conclusion: Public health attention should be sustained at reducing morbidity and mortality of noncommunicable diseases.

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